Curriculum vitae

Penalva-Icher Élise

Maître de conférences
Tel : 01 44 05 49 20
Bureau : P417



, L'entreprise dans la société. Une question politique, M. Capron, F. Quairel-Lanoizelée. La Découverte, Paris (2015), 280 pp, Sociologie du travail, 58, 2, p. 213-215

, Professionalization in the Socially Responsible Investment. The case of extra-financial analysts, Revue française de socio-économie, 1, 16, p. 141-159

Ce texte propose de croiser la sociologie des professions et la sociologie économique en articulant l'émergence d'un marché et l'apparition d'une nouvelle activité. En effet, l'Investissement socialement responsable (ISR) est un marché financier assez récent, qui s'est créé en partie grâce à l'analyse extra-financière. Les analystes extra-financiers proposent d'évaluer les entreprises cotées sur des critères sociaux et environnementaux. Nous examinons la tentative de professionnalisation de ce groupe d'acteurs dans le contexte de l'émergence de l'ISR.

This article aims at interlacing sociology of professions and economic sociology. It combines the emergence of a market and the apparition of a professional activity. Indeed, Socially Responsible Investments (SRI) is a recent financial market that has been partly created on the behalf of extra-financial analysts. Extra-financial analysts evaluate companies on social and environmental criteria. We examine the professionalization attempt from this group of actors in the SRI emergence context.

Chapitres d'ouvrage

, Quand les structures relationnelles d'un marché financier disent sa responsabilité, in Chambost I. L. (dir.), La Fabrique de la finance, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion


, How field members interactions contribute to the structuration of an organizational field. A pluralistic approach, SASE 2016 Conference, Berkeley

There is an increasing interest for the role of social positions to understand evolutions and change within organizational fields. This paper advances a new approach to understand how actors manage their connections within an organizational field and how this influences their ability to shape the field. To illustrate this process, we explore the Socially Responsible Investments field circa 2004-2005, at a time it had emerged but had not stabilized yet.

, "How much does he earn? Really?" Relational wages Comparison as a Stratification social process on the Labor market, Sunbelt Conference, INSNA, Newport Beach, United States

In the USA, The National Labor Relations Act(NLRA) guarantees most employees in the private sector the right totalk about working conditions, including remuneration, with coworkers. Besides, Internet offers apps and quizzes toguess coworkers' salary. Why is there a need to do so? What is at stake in outing coworkers' wages? The NLRA is,in that case, a tool to fight gender or race discrimination; it stands against pay secrecy clause that helps shadowinginequalities. But beyond legal prosecution, theses wages comparisons are an indicator of a broad phenomenon. Theyreflect a social process of stratification on the labor market. This process is a relational process as the comparison takesplace in the relational structure and egos' network. Indeed, former categories to say who you are in the organizationand how much you earn due to your position are nowadays undermined: one life job become scare, mobility is moreand more experimented in one's career, competition has increased on the labor market. Consequently, workers lookfor signals to interpret their position in their organization or at an inter-organizational level, comparing to other firms.We argue that they find these signals through their personal networks. People look for information about how muchtheirs coworkers, brothers or sisters, former schoolmates, that is to say in a more general way peers, are paid. Todo so, they use their personal network to make an homophilious relational comparison (Festinger, 1954; Cartwright,Harary, 1956; Heider, 1946). We offer to examine this social process on a specific fieldwork: bonus and variableremuneration accorded to managers in the private sector in France. Indeed, since the 1990's, those kinds of bonuseshad been increasingly in used in France, introducing market competition between workers, as they are legitimated byand calculated with the performance of individuals or teams. We collect with an Internet survey a sample of 1195managers gathering information about their careers, bonus (amount, structures, uses etc.) and their remunerationsatisfaction. We also ask them with whom they are discussing about how much they are paid, and if these contactswere in contact together to retrace their personal network (direct and indirect contacts). We have data about thestrength of the tie and the characteristics of the contact (who is it?). First results show the importance of thecomparison, people not comparing are more satisfied (half of the sample). With comparison, satisfaction reduce,but the more you compare (many direct contacts), the less unsatisfied you are. These first results underlines thenecessity to understand who are the people comparing and those who are not, and the importance of examiningwho are the significant peers you compare to.

, Ties: binding and structuring a field. The case of French SRI. How field members interactions contribute to the structuration of an organizational field, Second European Conference on Social Networks (EUSN), Paris, France

There is an increasing interest for the role of social positions to understand evolutions andchanges within organizational elds. This paper advances a new approach to understand howactors manage their connections within an organizational eld and how this in uences theirability to shape the eld and its speci c institutions. Precisely, we want to explain how institu-tions (formal and informal) of the eld come to support more the interests of some players thanothers. To do so we focus on the positions of actors in the eld and their strategies of relationalbrokerage. We de ne two di erent types of brokerage: a structural one, in the social networkanalysis tradition; and an attributive one, which relies on the relational structure of actors butalso takes into account their social characteristics.

, Partir du terrain. Quels apports de la sociologie pour l'étude et l'enseignement de la RSE ?, 11eme congrès du RIODD, Saint-Etienne, France

La sociologie a pour habitude partir des pratiques, cependant la définition conventionnelle de la RSE consiste plus en un programme qu'elle ne définit des pratiques concrètes ou des indicateurs précis. Dans ce cadre, qu'est-ce que la sociologie peut apporter à l'étude de la RSE ? Nous examinons les apports possibles de la sociologie aux études de la RSE. Nous identifions deux axes de travail pour cette communication : l'utilité du concept d'encastrement d'une part; et d'autre part l'importance des méthodes de recherche qualitatives et quantitatives, notamment dans la formation professionnelle des étudiants sociologues. Nous nous appuyons sur ce dernier point sur la création du master 2 PERS (Politiques d'Entreprises et Régulations Sociales)

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