This track is rooted in the perspectives of the New Economic Sociology. Its aim is to analyze markets as social constructions. On the one hand, the researchers study the interactions within markets in order to retrace the different forms in which they are embedded (i.e. relational, cultural or historical), which in turn allow them to re-contextualize the economic actions within the social field. On the other hand, the rules, the institutions, the quality and standard apparatus that frame markets organization are also in the research agenda.
Even if several other specific programs have already been launched, there is plenty of room to develop diversified projects in this track. The first two research projects that have been recently launched can be presented as follows:
1/ Markets and morals: two dimensions are considered. First, the process of markets construction is examined paying special attention to the originally called “contested goods”. Second, the regulation of economic activities through market-based processes leads to consider the topic of “responsible consumption” and the apparatus of corporate social responsibility.
2/ Markets and social networks: using the input from social network analysis, the aim is to describe and set-up models of the social interactions related to economic activities, whose empirical data are extracted from studies conducted in this area. This methodological approach enables a better understanding of the social processes that take place within markets at a meso-social level.
The goal of this track is to assemble the members of IRISSO willing to work on the following topics: the construction of markets; the quality apparatus; markets as regulation apparatus of economic activities; and the relations between social movements, state and firms in the context of market activities. Firm is considered as “a legal person” intervening in markets. As such, the firm is expected to address both pressures and expectations from the state and civil society.